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PAS Finds (w/e 25/11/22) – FIBULA EX REG LAGITIENSE

PAS Finds (w/e 25/11/22) – FIBULA EX REG LAGITIENSE

My selection of the detecting finds recorded at the PAS during the week ended 25 November 2022.

Featured Find


Photo: Suffolk County Council CC By SA2.0
Object type: Brooch
Period: Roman
Primary material: Copper alloy
Date found: 24/11/2022
Location: Campsea Ashe, Suffolk

A complete Roman knee brooch of Mackreth’s Type 3. The inscription reads FIBUL[A] EX REG LAGITIENSE in two panels which would have been inlaid with enamel. The knee brooch is a later style of Roman brooch from around the 2nd to 3rd centuries and was favoured by the Roman army.


The inscription is short for “Fibula ex regione Lagitiense” meaning “Brooch from the Lagitiense region”. This was based around the Roman settlement of Lagentium, which was in modern day Castleford. Various suggestions for the source of the Roman name include “Place of the Bottles” from the Latin lagenae for bottle or “Place of the Swords“.

The Romans built there first fort here in AD 71. A civilian settlement, known as a viscus, was established near the fort. This may initially been for traders and craftsmen, deliberately settled here by the army. The viscus appears to have been its largest during the first half of the second century. Large quantities of high quality and luxury items have been discovered during archaeological excavations. The discovery of part manufactured brooches and some raw red enamel show that these were been produced here.

Selection of other finds

Photo: West Yorkshire Archaeology Advisory Service CC By SA2.0

17th century mourning ring

The ring is inscribed on the inner face: “TL Ob 20 Jan 83 aeta 60” which shows that the person memorialised (T L) died on the 20th January 1683 aged 60; “aeta” is an abbreviation of the Latin word “aetatis” meaning “at the age of”. A Find of Note of County Importance. It has been disclaimed as Treasure.
Photo: National Museums Liverpool CC By SA2.0

Iron Age Gündlingen type sword

A Gündlingen type sword dating to c. 800 – 750 BC. In the PAS record, Brendan O’Connor notes “This type of sword are uncommon in western Britain and are thought to originate in western Europe between Meuse and the Trent, around 800 BC”. A Find of Note of Regional Importance.
Photo: West Yorkshire Archaeology Advisory Service CC By SA2.0

Roman phalera

This is thought to be a phalera or strap slide from a harness dating to about AD 100 – 300. It is a Find of Note of County Importance.
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