In 1279, Edward I instituted a major reform of the coinage. As part of this, the moneyer’s name was removed from coins (with the exception of Robert de Hadelie of Bury St Edmunds). The legend on the reverse would bear the name of the mint only, prefixed by CIVITAS or VILLA. For example, in the image below, the legend reads CIVITAS LONDON. The tip for identifying the mint name is to find the word “CIVITAS” or “VILLA” on the coin. The letters that remain are the name of the mint.
In this quiz, you will see the reverse of 8 Edward I pennies from 8 different provincial mints. Identify the mint.